Genital herpes is a chronic STD (sexually transmitted disease). It is caused by the herpes simplex virus and can cause lesions on the genital organs, rectum, and adjacent areas such as buttocks and thighs. Men and women can carry this disease differently, so we will focus on herpes in women.
The cause of genital herpes is contagion by the herpes simplex virus that is transmitted through sexual intercourse, causing lesions on the skin and mucous membranes of the genitals. There are two types of herpes simplex virus:
When suffering from genital herpes in women, the characteristic signs and symptoms of this disease may not appear in the case of asymptomatic genital herpes. Even so, herpes can be spread to sexual partners, so preventive measures are necessary.
However, the most common is that genital herpes, with symptoms that appears shortly after infection or infection. It usually takes from 2 days to 2 weeks after infection. Local signs or general symptoms may occur, and in turn, the symptoms of genital herpes may appear in outbreaks of greater or lesser intensity and with greater or lesser frequency.
The local signs and symptoms of herpes in women can be located in the rectum, genital lips, lips of the mouth, anus, etc. Small vesicles or blisters appear on the genitals, with pain and a straw-colored or light liquid content (similar to those that appear in chickenpox).
Before the vesicles or blisters appear, as in the case of herpes zoster, a burning or burning sensation, pain, burning, and stinging may appear in the place where the vesicles finally appear.
Later, the vesicles or blisters rupture, leaving superficial herpetic ulcers with intense pain and burning. The following days they dry up and give way to scabs or scabs, and the lesions slowly heal over a week or two. Other local symptoms of herpes in women are urogenital and consist of:
The general symptoms that usually occur with the first outbreak can be severe and last longer, while successive outbreaks tend to be less severe, of shorter duration, and less frequent over time.
The most common general symptoms of genital herpes are similar, in part, to those of the flu:
Herpes simplex HSV tests or analysis can be performed to diagnose a current infection or also to detect if there are antibodies to herpes in women due to a previous or remote infection caused by the herpes simplex virus.
The herpes simplex test is performed by collecting blood in a vein or directly by taking a sample from a gallbladder or ulcer present in the suspected lesion with a swab. This sample is used to culture the virus and analyze the abnormal cells in the herpetic lesion.
Treatment for genital herpes in women is instituted to improve the clinical course of the disease and the intensity and number of its outbreaks. The treatment alleviates this disease but does not cure it.
Medications to treat genital herpes contain antiviral drugs. There are many different types of treatment for genital herpes.
A special condition for treatment is herpes in women during pregnancy and herpes during childbirth. It is very important to take steps to avoid infecting the child. Antiviral medication can be administered orally during the last month of pregnancy to prevent an outbreak of genital herpes during delivery. If, despite this prevention, an outbreak of genital herpes occurs in the vicinity of delivery, a cesarean section will be performed to prevent the child from being infected in a normal vaginal delivery. Medications used to treat herpes in women, even during pregnancy, are usually very well tolerated and have few side effects.
In relation to the prevention of herpes, always using a condom is the best method of preventing herpes in women since, although it is not 100% safe, contagion is very rare with it.
Genital herpes is an incurable viral disease. No treatment can cure it completely. However, the symptoms and severity of herpetic lesions can be attenuated or reduced. With proper treatment, lesions and symptoms improve, and the intensity and number of outbreaks also decrease over time.
Taking into account that genital herpes cannot be cured, the best strategy to avoid it is adequate prevention and avoiding the risk of contagion in your sexual relations.
Genital herpes can be spread by having vaginal, oral, and anal sex with a partner who is infected with this virus.
Sometimes your partner can present active genital herpes lesions, and then the risk of contagion is greater; These lesions consist of vesicles, ulcers, or reddish spots on the genitals, in the mouth, or the anus.
Other times your partner is a carrier of the herpes virus and yet does not have symptoms of genital herpes; that is, they remain asymptomatic, and yet they can give you herpes.
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the herpes simplex virus that affects one in six people in the Western world.
Genital herpes is one of the most contagious and common sexually transmitted diseases or STDs. However, because in most cases there are no symptoms, many people are unaware that they are infected, increasing the likelihood of transmitting the disease. The disease is caused by two types of virus: HSV-1, the herpes simplex virus type 1, which affects the mouth and lips but can be transmitted to the genitals, and HSV-2, the herpes simplex virus type 2, that typically causes genital herpes and is transmitted by skin contact or through oral and genital secretions.