The name "herpes" refers to a group of viral infectious diseases caused by the various viruses of the Herpesvirus family.
All types of herpes are infections caused by viruses and have the common characteristic of being highly contagious and resistant. Once they become established in the body, they are permanent, except for the most severe type, herpes zoster. Symptoms usually disappear and reappear when the immune system is weakened, such as in times of stress. But it can also be symptomless, which makes it very difficult to diagnose.
Herpetic Whitlow (or Whitlow Finger) is a viral infection where small blisters form on the fingers and the fleshy area around the fingertips. These sores or wounds are uncomfortable and painful, and they grow after direct contact with an infected source. The herpes simplex virus (HSV) causes this infection. There are two types of HSV. Type 1 usually affects the area around the mouth, lips, and face, while type 2 usually affects the genitals. Because herpes whitlow is caused by the same virus responsible for cold sores and genital herpes, it is extremely contagious. For that reason, it is essential that you recognize the symptoms of this condition and take steps to protect yourself.
The short answer to this is yes. The Epstein-Barr Virus (or EBV) is a member of the herpes family of viruses. It is specifically known as Human Herpesvirus 4 and is a very common virus that is in constant circulation through the human population. This does not mean it is the same as other herpes viruses; there are a number of different but related herpes viruses that affect human populations, and the Epstein-Barr Virus is just one of them. It is not, for example, the same Herpes virus as the one that causes cold sores. It is hard to be sure of how many people suffer from this virus each year because the severity of symptoms vary from completely asymptomatic to severe. There are also many cases that go undiagnosed.
It is a disease caused by the infection herpes simplex virus (HSV) in the eye. It can compromise the deeper layers of the cornea, causing scarring of the cornea, loss of vision, and even blindness. Herpes keratitis can also be caused by the herpes zoster virus, known as "shingles." Symptoms, conditions, and treatment are different from herpes simplex keratitis.
There are over 100 known herpes viruses. However, there are only eight herpes viruses that routinely only infect humans, which is why they are known as human viruses 1 to 8.